Olivesburg Berry Patch

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Berry Lore

Strawberries

-may have been named for placing straw around the berry or from 1000 years ago because the habit of the plants to "strew" the berries all around.
-a member of the rose family.
-cultivated by Romans as early as 234 B.C.
-discovered by Europeans in Virginia in 1588
-enjoyed by New England settlers that were grown by Native Americans.
-written about by a Maryland Colonist "We cannot set down a foot but we tread on strawberries.
-carved onto altars and pillars by stonemasons in medieval times and were served at state occasions and festivals to ensure peace and prosperity.
-ancient myth of Egyptians "if you eat 300 strawberries you will turn into a cat".
-have more vitamin C than oranges or any other berry, have 0 fat,and are good source of fiber and for ellagic and folic acid.
-300 years ago Dr. William Butler said, "Doubtless GOD could have made a better berry,
but doubtless GOD never did".

Blackberries


-grow the world over and have gone by many names in the past including brambleberry, brumblekites and lawers.
-eaten by Neolithic peoples in Britain and surrounded by superstitions.
-English myth, the first blackberry spotted in the spring would banish warts. And should not be eaten after October 10, because they have been spit upon during the "night".
-are a good source of folate, vitamin E, fiber and 19% of RDA of vitamin C.

Raspberries



-are a member of the rose family.
-reds are indigenous to Asia Minor and North America.
-records of domestication by Palladius a 4th century agriculturist and seeds found in Roman forts in Britain.
-the British improved them through the middle ages and by 1771 were in New York.
-blackcaps are native to only North America and most abundant in the east.
-improvements didnít take place until after 1800 because of the popularity of the European reds and the number of wild fruit.
-were used as a cure for sore eyes and throats and mouth rinse.
-purple berries are a cross between the reds and the blacks, yellows are mutated reds.

Blueberries

-are native to North America and have close relatives in Asia, Europe and South America.
-Native Americans picked, dried, cooked with and ate plain blueberries well before first contact with Europeans.
-Native Americans held a high value on this berry from the Great Spirit that relieved the hunger of famine.
-wild bears are reported to eat only blueberries when in season and will travel up to 15 miles to a patch to do so.
-in 1615 Samuel de Champlain saw Indians harvesting wild blueberries along lake Huron.
-Lewis and Clark observed Indians smoke drying blueberries to preserve them for winter.
-used for making a strong aromatic tea from the roots for a relaxant for childbirth by Indians and then settlers.
-juice was used to treat "old coughs" and tea from the leaves believed helped purify the blood.